Bioremediation refers to the clean‐up of pollution in soil, groundwater, surface water, and air using typically microbiological processes. It uses naturally occurring bacteria and fungi or plants to degrade, transform or detoxify hazardous substances to human health or the environment. It is an efficient, eco-friendly and economical novel alternative to conventional treatment technologies. Bioremediation is an option that offers the possibility to destroy or render harmless various contaminants using natural biological activity. The dramatic worldwide increase in the rate of human population has created severe environmental problems. Soil and ground water reservoirs have been polluted with dyes, pesticides, xenobiotics, agrochemicals, etc.