Soil studies should address larger global issues beyond the conventional outlook. This requires basic soil/mineral information to develop an information system, georeferencing it and apply for ecosystem services. Ecosystem services of soils are many. This book has taken a tour of author’s experience on Indian soils with a few examples only. It encompasses methodology for development of soil/mineral information system, soil diversity, land degradation neutrality, soil/mineral modifiers, ecosystem services of soils/minerals & cultural heritage, soil bioliths & minerals as signatures of climate change, land use planning with special reference to agricultural planning, and a hint to use soil/mineral information system as a tool to develop a soil information technology.