G.B. Pant National Institute of Himalayan Environment (NIHE, formerly known as G.B. Pant Institute of Himalayan Environment & Development) was established in 1988-89, as an autonomous Institute of the Ministry of Environment, Forest & Climate Change (MoEF&CC), Govt. of India, which has been identified as a focal agency to advance scientific knowledge, to evolve integrated management strategies, demonstrate their efficacy for conservation of natural resources, and to ensure environmentally sound development in the entire Indian Himalayan Region (IHR).
Ladakh Regional Centre in among the newest regional centre of NIHE. The centre was established on December 2019 to ensure research and development outreach of the institute’s in the Trans-Himalayan Landscape of newly created Union Territory of Ladakh. Main focus of the regional centre includes (i) promoting alternative livelihoods for climate change vulnerable cold-desert communities, and (ii) facilitation of processes in conservation of critical/important cold desert habitats and biodiversity.
Wildlife Conservation and Birds Club of Ladakh (WCBCL), an organization working in the field of conservation, was founded by likeminded people, to develop local community-based organization to undertake issues related to conservation and environmental awareness among various stakeholders, and enlightening the target communities who are in direct conflict with the wildlife of the region. Some of the activities include Clean Birds Habitat Campaign, Workshop on Bird Monitoring, Sloganeering Anti-Poaching Movement, Photo Exhibition on Wildlife of Ladakh, Ladakh Bird Count - annual feature for Celebrating World Sparrow Day, World Migratory Bird Day, Bird Exodus Week, etc. In this process, new record-sittings of Birds in Ladakh have been achieved by its members.
The Department of Wildlife Protection, Ladakh UT evolved from erstwhile J&K Game Preservation Department, created under the Game Preservation Act, 1942 to protect and preserve the “Game” in the erstwhile J&K State. After the enactment of Jammu & Kashmir Reorganization Act, 2019 by the Parliament, the Jammu & Kashmir Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1978 was repealed was the Central Act, i.e; Wildlife Protection Act, 1972 became applicable to the Union Territory of Ladakh. Besides objectives and functions, Department efforts are be at par with national and international scientific standards as per the recommendations of National Board of Wildlife for management and protection of wildlife.